Thursday, December 8, 2016

Lawyers back separate Shariah Bar for better practice

Lawyers back separate Shariah Bar for better practice

BY BOO SU-LYN AND IDA LIM

Thursday December 1, 2016

05:47 PM GMT+8

KUALA LUMPUR, Dec 1 — Some lawyers are in support of a proposal to create a separate Bar in order to standardise Shariah legal practice across the country.

Nizam Bashir is both a civil and Shariah lawyer and said that while Islamic legislation can differ from state to state because of various communal sensibilities on the faith, Shariah legal practice and procedures should be more uniform.

“I think it’s a good thing. You will have a more consistent practice for Shariah lawyers in various states,” Nizam told Malay Mail Online.

But he also said the introduction of a federal Shariah legal body amid state legislations would require the consent of the Rulers and agreement from the state governments. While civil law is federal, Shariah legislation is under state jurisdiction.

Wanita Umno chief Tan Sri Shahrizat Abd Jalil suggested yesterday at the Umno general assembly the formation of a Bar Council equivalent for Shariah lawyers, which she said should be administered by the Conference of Rulers.

Shariah Lawyers Association of Malaysia (PGSM) president Musa Awang also supported the formation of a Shariah Bar Council as there would then be uniform qualification rules, pointing out that various states in the country have different admission method, exams and interviews for those who want to be Shariah lawyers.

“When they submit [an] application to be [a] Shariah lawyer, the authorities will call them for exam and interview, but that is for [one] state.

“So the person who wants to be Shariah lawyer needs to apply to 14 states in Malaysia and it depends on state authorities, whether they want to approve [the application],” Musa told Malay Mail Online, referring to the Islamic religious council in each state.

With the current lack of uniformity, this would mean that Shariah lawyers may not be able to practise in some states due to rejection of their applications by the respective state Islamic religious councils, he said.

He pointed out that the Bar Council, on the other hand, is an independent body formed under the Legal Profession Act 1976 that regulates and determines the qualifications, tests, and admissions for advocates and solicitors to the Malaysian Bar, the legal professional body for all states in peninsular Malaysia.

Musa highlighted the need for a separate Shariah Bar so that Shariah lawyers who are not members of the Malaysian Bar can still be regulated.

As an example, he said Shariah lawyers who are suspended for breaching ethics in one state can still practise in other states. In contrast, civil lawyers who are suspended from legal practice by the Malaysian Bar would not be able to practise at all in the peninsula.

A Shariah Bar Council should be established as an independent body like the Bar Council to regulate the qualifications, admission and discipline of Shariah lawyers, he said.

Nizam said setting up a separate Bar for Shariah lawyers would also require segregating the disciplinary and complaints mechanism, noting that the Advocates & Solicitors Disciplinary Board (ASDB) has taken on complaints by Shariah clients as more Shariah lawyers join the Malaysian Bar.

“I’ve known of cases where it went up before the civil courts and they said the ASDB has got jurisdiction to hear. If you start to come up with a separate body to regulate and oversee Shariah practitioners, then I think ideally, we need to look at if there needs to be a separate disciplinary board,” he said.

Nizam acknowledged there was fear on both sides of the fence and concern on whether civil law was losing ground to Islamic legislation, but said lawyers should not be “paranoid” and “embrace diversity” instead.

“I encourage civil lawyers going to Shariah and vice versa. That way, you’re not dogmatic,” he said.

He stressed that lawyers should be able to sit in both the Malaysian Bar and the Shariah Bar in order to contribute their experience and expertise to both areas.

Malaysian Muslim Lawyers Association president Datuk Zainul Rijal Abu Bakar said not all Shariah lawyers are members of the Malaysian Bar as the majority are Shariah graduates who do not have a law degree. Only some are advocates and solicitors who can practice in both the civil and Shariah courts.

PGSM estimated there are about 2,500 to 3,000 Shariah lawyers nationwide. The Malaysian Bar currently has about 17,000 members.

“Only advocates and solicitors can contest in the Bar Council. Pure Shariah lawyers cannot contest,” Zainul Rijal told Malay Mail Online.

He said the Bar Council Shariah law committee cannot handle issues involving practitioners who are not advocates and solicitors, including “pure” Shariah lawyers.

“To me, different qualifications are prerogatives of the states. However, the more pressing needs are to have a body at the national level so that the body will be able to enhance legal education, take action on disciplinary breaches, admission process and interactions between practitioners across the nation,” said Zainul Rijal.

He said creating a Shariah Bar would not result in divisions as both the Shariah and Malaysian Bar would have different objectives.

“An advocate and solicitor who is also a Shariah lawyer will be governed by [the] Malaysian Bar when he is practising the civil law and governed by the Shariah Bar when he practices in Shariah law,” he said.



Islamic lawyers laud Shahrizat's call to empower Syariah courts

Islamic lawyers laud Shahrizat's call to empower Syariah courts

BY JUNE MOH - 1 DECEMBER 2016 @ 1:08 PM

KUALA LUMPUR: Syariah lawyers agree with the recommendations of Tan Sri Shahrizat Abdul Jalil to empower the Syariah courts and enhance them to become equivalent to civil courts, said Syariah Lawyers Association (PGSM) president Musa Awang.

Musa said Syariah law implementation in the country is weak due to the constraints of authority, staff, legal powers, regulatory diversity and lack of uniformity.

He said one of the challenges for Syariah lawyers is that each state has its own set of rules and regulations governing its practices - something which has discouraged graduates from applying to become Syariah lawyers.

“Every state has its own set of rules, different qualifications, different exams, different interviews, as well as their own admission processes.

“Therefore, we agree with the proposal to form a Syariah Bar Council, an independent body to supervise and control the eligibility and admissions of Syariah lawyers,” Musa told New Straits Times.

He said Syariah law could be strengthened by giving more power to the Syariah criminal punishment jurisdiction of the Syariah court “(For example, conflicts occur over) the jurisdiction on issuing legal administer (LA) and dividing the property-inheritance of Muslims, and the jurisdiction to try the cases of Islamic muamalat or Islamic banking,” he said.

Echoing Musa is Syariah lawyer Fakhrul Azman, who agreed to empower the Syariah court with further authority and jurisdiction.

“The area of enforcement needs to be enhanced to make it on par with civil courts.
“People still do not take it seriously when they receive a summons from the Syariah court, compared to the paper they receive from the civil court.

“I believe equal authority should also be given to the Syariah court, and for that matter, the introduction of a private bill to increase the jurisdiction of Syariah courts is welcomed,” Fakhrul said.


PGSM sokong saranan Umno, dedah masalah sedia ada

PGSM sokong saranan Umno, dedah masalah sedia ada



1 Dis 2016, 11:20 tengahari

Saranan pemimpin Wanita dan Puteri Umno untuk mewujudkan Majlis Peguam Syarie disambut baik oleh peguam-peguam syarie di negara ini.

Presiden Persatuan Peguam Syarie Malaysia (PGSM) Musa Awang berkata walaupun undang-undang Islam terbaik, tetapi pelaksanaannya masih lemah kerana pelbagai kekangan.

Ini, katanya, termasuk daripada pihak berkuasa, kakitangan, kuasa undang-undang, undang-undang yang pelbagai dan tidak seragam.

“Masalah yang kami hadapi dalam amalan peguam syariah hari ini ialah kami terpaksa memohon di 14 buah negeri untuk menjalankan amalan sebagai seorang peguam syariah,” katanya.

Malah, kata Musa lagi setiap negeri mempunyai kaedah dan kelayakan yang berbeza.

Begitu juga dengan peperiksaan, temu bual dan proses kemasukan yang tersendiri di setiap negeri, katanya lagi.

“Sedikit sebanyak ia mematahkan semangat graduan-graduan untuk memohon sebagai peguam syariah,” katanya.

Justeru, kata Musa, mereka bersetuju dengan cadangan penubuhan Majlis Peguam Syariah, sebagai badan bebas untuk menyelia dan mengawal kelayakan dan kemasukan peguam syariah dan mengadakan satu Akta Profesion Guaman Syarie (SLPA).

Pemimpin Wanita dan Puteri Umno semalam menggesa kerajaan menubuhkan Majlis Peguam Syarie bagi menambah baik urus tadbir undang-undang syariah dan memudahkan urusan amalan guaman syarie di negeri-negeri.

Ketua Wanita Umno Tan Sri Shahrizat Abdul Jalil mencadangkan majlis itu diletakkan bawah naungan Majlis Raja-Raja Melayu bagi memudahkan urus tadbir.


Sementara itu, Ketua Puteri Umno Datuk Mas Ermieyati Samsudin pula berhujah, sejak pemerkasaan mahkamah syariah pada 2001, ia tidak diikuti dengan usaha untuk meningkatkan profesionalisme dan integriti di kalangan peguam syarie.

Mahkamah syariah: PGSM setuju cadangan Shahrizat

Mahkamah syariah: PGSM setuju cadangan Shahrizat

WARTAWAN SINAR HARIAN

30 NOVEMBER 2016


Musa Awang

SHAH ALAM - Persatuan Peguam Syarie Malaysia (PGSM) bersetuju sepenuhnya dengan cadangan Ketua Wanita Umno, Tan Sri Shahrizat Abdul Jalil untuk memberi kuasa kepada mahkamah Syariah dan ia menjadi setaraf dengan mahkamah sivil.

Presidennya, Musa Awang dalam satu kenyataan hari ini berkata, ini secara tidak langsung boleh diperkukuhkan dengan memberi lebih kuasa ke atas bidang kuasa hukuman jenayah mahkamah syariah.

"Iaitu bidang kuasa untuk mengeluarkan surat kuasa mentadbir (LA) dan membahagikan harta-pusaka umat Islam, bidang kuasa untuk mendengar dan membicarakan kes-kes muamalat Islam atau perbankan Islam dan lain-lain.

"Undang-undang Islam adalah yang terbaik, pelaksanaannya di negara ini masih lemah kerana kekangan pihak berkuasa, kakitangan, kuasa undang-undang, undang-undang yang pelbagai dan tidak seragam dan lain-lain," katanya.

Beliau berkata, negara  kini mempunyai bilangan peguam syariah

yang cukup untuk menangani kes-kes mengikut bidang kuasa mahkamah Syariah yang sedia ada.

Katanya lagi, setakat ini bilangan peguam syariah di seluruh negara kira-kira 2,500 hingga 3,000 orang.

"Nombor ini akan bertambah dengan sendirinya jika bidang kuasa

mahkamah syariah dipertingkatkan," katanya.

Tambahnya, masalah yang kami hadapi dalam amalan peguam syariah hari ini ialah kami terpaksa memohon di 14 buah negeri untuk menjalankan amalan sebagai seorang peguam syariah.

"Setiap negeri mempunyai kaedah-kaedah, kelayakan yang berbeza, peperiksaan berbeza, temu bual yang berbeza serta proses kemasukan yang tersendiri dan pelbagai.

"Secara tidak langsung sedikit sebanyak ia mematahkan semangat graduan-graduan untuk memohon sebagai peguam syariah.


"Jadi, kami bersetuju dengan cadangan penubuhan Majlis Peguam Syariah, sebuah badan bebas untuk menyelia dan mengawal kelayakan dan kemasukan peguam syariah, dan mengadakan satu Akta Profesion Guaman Syarie (SLPA)," katanya.

Majlis Peguam Syarie mudahkan amalan guaman syarie

RABU, 30 NOVEMBER 2016 @ 4:40 PM

Majlis Peguam Syarie mudahkan amalan guaman syarie
Oleh Nazura Ngah nazura_ngah@bh.com.my

KUALA LUMPUR: Penubuhan Majlis Peguam Syarie yang dicadangkan Wanita UMNO hari ini mampu bertindak sebagai sebuah badan bebas untuk menyelia dan mengawal kelayakan dan kemasukan peguam syarie, sekali gus membolehkan Akta Profesion Guaman Syarie (SLPA) digubal.

Presiden Persatuan Peguam Syarie Malaysia (PGSM), Musa Awang, berkata peguam syarie ketika ini berdepan masalah apabila terpaksa memohon di 14 negeri untuk menjalankan amalan sebagai seorang peguam syarie.


PRESIDEN Persatuan Peguam Syarie Malaysia (PGSM), Musa Awang

Katanya, ini kerana setiap negeri mempunyai perbezaan antaranya kaedah, kelayakan, peperiksaan, temu bual serta proses kemasukan. "Masalah ini sikit sebanyak mematahkan semangat graduan untuk memohon jawatan peguam syarie," katanya dalam kenyataan hari ini.
Beliau mengulas cadangan dibangkitkan Ketua Wanita UMNO, Tan Sri Shahrizat Abdul Jalil, dalam ucapan dasar Perhimpunan Agung Wanita UMNO 2016, di Pusat Dagangan Dunia Putra (PWTC), di sini, hari ini.

Shahrizat berkata, Majlis Peguam Syarie yang berada di bawah naungan dan tadbir urus Majlis Raja-Raja bertujuan memudahkan urusan amalan guaman syarie di negeri.

Di samping itu, Wanita UMNO juga mahu institusi mahkamah syariah dimartabatkan setaraf dengan mahkamah sivil, selain mendesak cadangan mewujudkan lima hirarki Mahkamah Syariah yang diluluskan Majlis Kebangsaan Hal Ehwal Agama Islam dipercepatkan.

Musa berkata, pihaknya bersetuju dengan cadangan Shahrizat untuk memberi kuasa kepada mahkamah syariah supaya setaraf dengan mahkamah sivil.

Katanya, langkah itu boleh diperkukuhkan dengan memberi lebih kuasa ke atas bidang kuasa hukuman jenayah mahkamah syariah, bidang kuasa untuk mengeluarkan surat kuasa mentadbir (LA) dan membahagikan harta-pusaka umat Islam, bidang kuasa untuk mendengar dan membicarakan kes-kes muamalat Islam atau perbankan Islam dan lain-lain.

"Undang-undang Islam adalah yang terbaik, namun pelaksanaannya di negara ini masih lemah kerana kekangan pihak berkuasa, kakitangan, kuasa undang-undang, undang-undang yang pelbagai dan tidak seragam.

 "Negara kini mempunyai bilangan peguam syarie yang cukup untuk menangani kes mengikut bidang kuasa Mahkamah Syariah sedia ada. Setakat ini bilangan peguam syarie di seluruh negara antara 2,500 hingga 3,000 orang.

"Bilangan ini akan bertambah dengan sendirinya, jika bidang kuasa mahkamah syariah dipertingkatkan," katanya.


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